Department History

Clay Township, located in St. Joseph County, Indiana, was formed in 1840 and is located directly north of South Bend, extending to the state line of Michigan.

Before the Department was Created
Prior to the creation of the Clay Township Fire Department, the City of South Bend provided fire protection through a contractual arrangement. In March of 1947, the Clay Township Trustee was informed by the City of South Bend that the cost of fire protection in 1948 would be 1% of the Township’s assessed value. At that time, the assessed value of Clay Township was $600,000, resulting in a fire protection cost of $6,000 annually. This equated to $4,000 above the $2,000 the township paid previously.
Photo of an old Clay Township Fire Department truck.
Truck 1 -  A 1947 Ford with body by American Fire Apparatus 500 gallons per minute American Marsh Pump.

Starting the Department

On June 11, 1947, the Clay Township Trustee and his advisory board announced at a meeting that the township would purchase firefighting equipment and start its own fire department. In January 1948, the first pumper was delivered and put into service. This truck was housed at Clay High School in an unused garage. There were 3 full-time firefighters hired and 70 volunteers were trained. The Clay Township Fire Department was the first township fire department in St. Joseph County.

Original Fire Station

In 1950, the Township built its first fire station located at 18776 Cleveland Road. Over the course of the next 50 years, the station was remodeled twice, providing office spaces for the Township Trustee and the Township General Assistance Office as well as extra space for the fire department.

New Fire Station

In 2001, the original station was replaced by a new station which was built on the original property behind the 1st station. Currently, this station is staffed by 7 full-time shift firefighters and 2 part-time firefighters. These firefighters provide 24-hour staffing for the following:
  • ALS Ambulance
  • Battalion Chief
  • Engine
  • Truck
In addition, this station houses, a Rescue/Engine (Squad), and a command vehicle.


In 2013, the Station was renumbered from Station 1 to Station 21 to align with other departments in St. Joseph County. This station receives 46% of all calls for service.

Station 2

In 1961, Station 2 was constructed at 18355 Auten Road. The station received a major renovation in 1999, including the addition of an extra apparatus bay and a 2-story office/living area. Following this renovation, the fire department administration and Clay Civil Township offices relocated to the Auten Road station. Station 22’s response area covers the northern half of Clay Township and is mostly composed of residential occupancies. This station covers approximately 7.5 square miles and receives 16% of all calls for service.


Currently, Station 2 is staffed with 2 full-time shift firefighters and 1 part-time firefighter that provide 24-hour staffing for 1 engine. The Deputy Fire Marshal serves as the tanker engineer Monday through Friday, with part-time personnel filling this position in the evening and weekends. The following staff generally respond out of Station 22 during standard business hours:
  • Assistant Chief of Administration/EMS
  • Assistant Chief of Operations
  • Captain of Training
  • Deputy Fire Marshal
  • Fire Chief
  • Fire Inspectors
  • Fire Marshal


In addition to the above-mentioned engine, this station houses a:
  • Grass rig
  • Semi-tanker
  • Special operation trailer which carries an ATV
  • Training engine
  • Utility vehicle
In 2010, a full-time mechanic was hired to meet the growing needs of the agency. A bay was dedicated to the Support Service Division for maintenance. In 2013, the station was renumbered from Station 2 to Station 22 to align with other departments in St. Joseph County.

Population Growth & Increased Service

In the 50-plus years after the creation of the Clay Township Fire Department, the Township experienced a growth of population to approximately 38,000 residents. This was accompanied by an increase in the number of calls for emergency fire and medical services. While call volume increased 450% from 1975 to 2000, the number of full-time firefighters remained unchanged over the same period. While numerous factors contributed to this situation, one of the most significant was the issue of limitations in how much the tax levy could be increased. In response to this issue, Clay Township and the incorporated towns of Indian Village and Roseland elected to create a fire territory.

Clay Fire Territory

In 2001, the Clay Township Fire Department was reorganized into the Clay Fire. At the time under Indiana law, fire territories were subject to different levy standards, which allowed the growth of the fire department to catch up with the population and call volume it covered. The original creation of the Clay Fire allowed for the hiring of an additional 6 full-time shift firefighters and a full-time Training/Safety Officer in 2002, as well as 9 full-time firefighters in 2006, for a total of 34 career firefighters.


In 2004, Clay Fire became the 1st Accredited Fire Department in Indiana by the Center for Public Safety Excellence (CPSE). As of 2015, there are still only 3 in the state.

German Township Consolidation

Beginning in 2005, department officials began discussions with German Township officials to consider consolidating the German Township Fire Department into the Clay Fire. On July 31, 2006 at 1900 hours, Clay Fire assumed fire protection responsibilities for the unincorporated areas of German Township through an inter-local agreement. German Township officially joined the Clay Fire on July 1, 2007. This merger added 6 square miles of response area and 7,000 residents, bringing the total coverage of the Clay Fire to 22 square miles and 45,000 residents.

Station 23

The former German Township Fire Station 1 at 51775 Portage Road became Clay Fire Station 23. Currently, it is staffed 24-hours a day by 2 full-time shift firefighters and 1 part-time firefighter. These 3 firefighters staff a pumper/tanker. In addition, this station houses:
  • 2 water rescue boats
  • Reserve tanker
  • Tactical rescue (Tac 2)
  • Tactical support unit (Tac 3) for M.A.B.A.S 201 and IDHS District 2

Remodel of Station 23

This firehouse was remodeled in 2007 in order to accommodate the 24-hour staffing. Station 23’s response area, which is comprised mostly of residential occupancies, covers 6 square miles, most of which is unincorporated German Township. Station 23 responds to 8% of all calls for service. In 2013, the Station was renumbered from Station 3 to Station 23 to align with other departments in St. Joseph County.

German Township's 2nd Station

Prior to the merger, German Township had maintained a 2nd station on Keller Road south of the South Bend Regional Airport which is now labeled as District 26. This station was not manned and was eventually purchased by the airport. This area is isolated from Clay Fire’s other jurisdictions due to annexation and airport expansion. This area accounted for 1% of responses in 2013, of which 0% was fire-related losses. This district is covered by Station 23 apparatus, and enjoys automatic mutual aid from the Southwest Central Fire Territory (SWCFT). SWCFT Station 41 is less than 1.5 miles from this area and is staffed 24-hours a day with a 3-person pumper/tanker. As such, SWCFT units generally arrive prior to Clay Fire apparatus.


In 2009, Clay Fire was awarded Reaccreditation by the CPSE.

Harris Township Consolidation

On January 1, 2010 the Harris Township Fire Department (HTFD) joined the Clay Fire, which added the unincorporated areas of Harris Township to the Clay Fire response jurisdiction. This merger added 22 square miles of response area and 22,000 residents, bringing the total jurisdiction of the Clay Fire to approximately 52 square miles and 66,000 residents. The former HTFD Station 2, located at 13981 State Road 23, became Clay Station 24 and is currently staffed by 2 full-time shift firefighters and 1 part-time firefighter. These 3 firefighters staff engine 24-hours a day.


In addition, there is a:
  • Boat with ice sled
  • Light tower
  • Reserve tanker
  • Support vehicle
  • TSU 24 vehicle at this station for off-duty response
Re-orientation of the apparatus bays occurred in 2011 due to the widening of Indiana State Road 23. Station 23 responds to 12% of all calls for service. In 2013, the Station was renumbered from Station 4 to Station 24 to align with other departments in St. Joseph County. The agency’s pump testing is still done at this station.

Former Harris Station

The former HTFD Station 1, located at 12481 Anderson Road, became Clay Station 5 and is staffed by 5 full-time shift firefighters and 1 part-time firefighter. These firefighters staff an engine, an ALS Ambulance, and Battalion apparatus 24-hours a day. This station also houses a:
  • 2 reserve ambulances for off-duty response
  • Foam pumper
  • Foam trailer
  • Hazmat trailer
  • Reserve tanker
Station 25 responds to 8% of all calls for service. In 2013, the station was renumbered from Station 5 to Station 25 to align with other departments in St. Joseph County.

On-Call Division

In addition to the on-duty staffing, the Clay Fire maintains an On-Call/Engineer/Part-Time Division of approximately 48 firefighters. These firefighters respond from home to:
  • Calls for additional station coverage
  • Commercial fire alarms
  • Extrications
  • Specialized rescues
  • Structure fires
Further, full-time firefighters are issued pagers and may respond off-duty to any of the above-mentioned calls.

Progressive Fire Department

Clay Fire was and still is a progressive fire department.
  • In 1989, a training tower and burn facility was need in St. Joseph County.
  • In 1990, the 1st burn tower in St. Joseph County was built behind Clay Station 2 and is still used today as the Fire Ground Survival Course. This structure has been utilized by countless trainees throughout the county.
  • In 2006, the clubhouse building (originally part of the Clay Township Park) was converted to a fire department classroom facility for the growing need of a training facility.
  • In 2007, Clay Fire built a Command Training Center which is designed to provide state-of-the art high fidelity virtual reality command simulation.
  • In the spring of 2009, the park behind Station 2 was fully transformed into fire department training grounds.


With the formation of MABAS 201 Tactical Rescue Team (TRT) in 2001, the need for a local training facility for TRT was discussed.
  • In 2008, a Department of Homeland Security (DHS) grant was received for a collapse training prop which was installed later in 2009.
  • In 2010, with the merger of the Harris Township Fire Department, a central training facility was established. With assistance from a grant from the State of Indiana, a 3-story burn tower was added to the facility. The existing burn tower located at the former Harris Township Fire Department was brought to the Clay Fire training grounds and additional training props were added to form the new burn tower. Other props were added later, such as:
    • Car extrication area
    • Propane car fire prop
    • Rubble pile for confined space
    • SCBA confidence prop

In 2014, Clay Fire was awarded Reaccreditation by the Center of Public Safety Excellence (CPSE) for a second time.

ISO Insurance Service Office
October 1, 2016 - The communities served by Clay Fire -including Clay, German and Harris Township, as well as the Town of Roseland and Indian Villages - has received the latest Public Protection Classification from ISO.  The entire service are as received an upgraded score to an ISO Class 2 rating.